O preservativo masculino está longe de merecer toda a confiança que nele é depositada. Veja por quê!

Bibliografia indicada:

B.VOELLER- M. POTTS, “Letter”, in BMJ 291(1985)6503,1196;

J.A. KELLY- J.S. StLAWRENCE, “Cautions about condoms in prevention of AIDS”, in Lancet 1(1987)8258, 323;

C. GOTZSCHE- M. HORDING, “Condoms to prevent HIV transmission do not imply truly safe sex”, in Scandinavian Journal of Infeccious Diseases 20 (1988)2, 233-234;

R. KIRKMAN, “Condom use and failure”, in Lancet 336 (1990) 8721,1009;

J.T. VESSEY- D.B. LARSON- J.SL LYONS- J.L. ROGERS-K.I.HOWARD, “Condom safety and HIV”, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases 21 (1994)1, 59-60;

H.LESTRADET, “Réflexions sur le SIDA et sa prevention”, in Médecine del’homme (1994)211-212, 3-6;

S.H. VERMUND, “Editorial:Casual Sex and HIV Transmission”, in American Journal of Public Health 85(1995) 11, 1488-1489;

R.KÜSS- H. LESTRADET, “SIDA: communication, information et prevention”, in Le SIDA, propagation et prevention. Rapports de la commission VII de l’ Académie nationale de médecine, Éditions de Paris, Paris 1996, 12- 55;

J.KELLY, “Using Condoms to Prevent Transmission of HIV.Condoms have an Appreciable Failure Rate”, in BMJ 312(1996) 7044, 1478.

Coalescência imperfeita das partículas de látex durante o processo de vulcanização:

Luvas de látex de quatro diferentes marcas apresentaram cavidades e fissuras na superfície do material.

S.G. Arnold- J.E. WHITMAN JR.- C.H. FOX- M.H. COTTLER-FOX, “Latex Gloves not Enough to Exclude Viruses”, in Nature 335 (1988) 6185, 19.

Superfície das membranas dos preservativos em látex não se mostrou regular:

G.D. JAY- E.DRUMMOND- B.LANE, “Altered Surface Character of Stretched Condom Latex”, in Contraception 45(1992) 2, 105-110.

L.S. KISH-J.T. MCMAHON- W.F.BERGFELD- J.M. PELACHYK, “An Ancient Method and a Modern Scourage:the Condom as a Barrier Against Herpes”, in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 9(1983)5, 769-770.

B.A. ROZENZWEIG-A. EVEN- L.E. BUDNICK, “Observations of Scannig Electron Microscopy Detected Abnormalities of Non-lubricated Latex Condoms”, in Contraception 53(1996)1, 49-53.

Orifícios por onde o vírus HIV passaria:

R.C.GALLO- S.Z. SALAHUDDIN- M. POPOVIC-G.M.SHEARER-M. KAPLAN- B.F. HAYNES- T.J. PALKER- R. REDFIELD- J. OLESKE- B. SAFAI- G.WHITE- P.FOSTER- P.D. MARKHAM,”Frequent Detection and Isolation of Cytopathic Retroviruses(HIV- HI) from Patients with AIDS and at Risk for AIDS”, in Science 224(1984) 4648, 500-503;

R.F. CAREY- D.LYTLE- W.H. CYR, “Implications of Laboratory Tests of Condom Integrity”, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases 26 (1999), 216-220.

S.C. WELLER, “A Meta-Analysis of Condom Effectiveness in Reducing Sexually Transmitted HIV”, in Social Science Medicine 36(1993) 12,1635-1644.

B.A. HERMANN-S.M. RETTA- L.E. RINALDI, “A  Simulated Physiologic Test of Latex Condoms”, 5st.Internat.Conf.on AIDS, 1989 (Abstracts WAP 101).

R.F. CAREY-W.A. HERMAN- S.M. RETTA- J.E. RINALDI- B.A. HERMAN- T.W. ATHEY, “Effectiveness of Latex Condoms as Barrier to Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Sized Particles Under Conditions of Simulated Use”, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases 19(1992), 230-234.

C.D. LYTLE- L.B. ROUSTON- G.B. SEABORN-L.G.DIXON-H.F. BUSHAR- W.H. CYR, “An in vitro Evaluation of Condoms as Barriers to a Small Virus”, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases 24 (1997) 3, 161-164.

 

Testes duvidosos a favor dos preservativos:utilizaram-se  poucos exemplares e não os submeteram a pressão ou tração:

CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL, CENTER FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES, “Condoms for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases”, in JAMA 259(1988)13, 1925-1927;

E.N. JUDSON- J.M. EHRET-G.F. BODIN- M.J. LEVIN- C.A. RIETMEIJER, “In vitro Evaluations of Condoms with and without nonoxynol 9 as physical ans chemical barriers against Chlamydia Trachomatis, Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus”, in Sexually Transmitted Diseases 16 (1989)2, 51-56.

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